Childcare & Education
Our Childcare team has advised on every major UK day nursery portfolio transaction since 2006. We provide services across the entire early years and looked after childcare business lifecycles, from conception to exit.
Over the past year, we have seen significant activity across the UK day nursery sector, with an increase in acquisition enquiries, nursery inspections, market appraisal requests and transactions.
During 2016, the market remained incredibly strong which was largely due to the appetite of buyers, lenders and investors, teamed with an increase in owners deciding to exit. In most cases the execution of an owner’s exit strategy is principally due to their desire to pursue retirement plans. However, the buoyancy in the market has also enticed some owners to sell their businesses earlier than they had originally planned.
Many of the opportunities which Christie & Co has been called to advise on during the year were subject to very strong interest, multiple offers and speedy completion processes. The most successful sales processes for both groups and larger single asset sales are those that are presented to the market in confidential sale campaigns, and also where the opportunity is realistically priced resulting in competitive bidding.
Highly competitive bidding for group opportunities and single assets were noted throughout the year, culminating in multiple group transactions including the sale of: Positive Steps Day Nurseries, First Class Child Care, Bush Babies Nurseries, Yellow Brick Group, Little Unicorns - and in the largest deal of the year, the sale of Asquith Nurseries, for a reported £166m.
During 2016 out team advised on childcare and education assets with an aggregate value in excess of £1.1bn, including the valuation of the Childbase portfolio for client information and secured lending purposes, and strategic transactional and valuation advice ahead of the Asquith Day Nurseries portfolio sale to Bright Horizons Family Solutions.
The UK nursery sector continues to be highly fragmented, and we continue to see an increase in demand from national and regional nursery groups seeking to expand their businesses via acquisitions and organic developments, as well as increased enquiries from early years operators, investors and overseas buyers.
Eager buyers continue to principally seek high quality freehold or leasehold settings with a minimum of 50 places, which can demonstrate proven and established levels of EBITDA and present opportunities for further development. They also look for assets which have been subject to ongoing capital expenditure, enjoy Good or Outstanding Ofsted outcomes, and those which employ a highly qualified, well remunerated and autonomous workforce.
From a regional perspective, while there continues to be high demand across the UK, the most desirable areas for buyers continue to be the South West, the Home Counties and London. This demand is driven by the high fee levels that some settings are able to achieve across these regions.
The most highly desired assets are those which are held on unencumbered freehold titles or those which are leasehold on leases which are inside of the Landlord and Tenant Act, with rents which are either at or below market rent, and businesses which can demonstrate solid sustainable earnings.
Buyers are sophisticated and while there is high demand for quality settings, they are continually mindful when considering the longer term potential impact and the full year effect that the living wage will have on the businesses they are contemplating acquiring, as salary expenditure continues to be the largest operational cost of any nursery business.
The outlook for activity during 2017 continues to be very positive. With the first four days of 2017 we were delighted to announce the sale of Magic Nurseries to LPCR, France's leading private nursery chain and one of the largest premium private nursery groups in Europe.
Thus far, Brexit has not had a negative impact on activity in the UK childcare market, indeed we have actually witnessed positives emerging with increased interest emerging from overseas groups and investors seeking UK platforms, in part arising due to enhanced monetary gains for overseas potential purchasers, due to the fall in the value of Stirling.
Owners and buyers alike are increasingly thinking about the introduction of the 30 hours ‘free’ entitlement which is planned from September 2017. However, because there are so many unknown quantities and variables yet to be determined, this makes it incredibly difficult to accurately forecast the overall impact on the market and the prices that buyers may be willing to pay.
As with the children’s day nursery market, demand for both private education and specialist childcare businesses has been consistently growing throughout 2016 and into 2017. Clearly London and the South East continues to be a focal point for many companies who are looking to expand, invest and develop, however, with the specialist childcare market – including businesses such as foster care agencies, children’s homes and SEN schools – the appetite for acquisitions is very much consistent across the UK. This is mainly driven by the variation of services that organisations want to be able to offer and also the fact that geography becomes less of a focus due to the income streams being mainly Local Authority driven rather than private.
2016 saw competitive bids being secured on a variety of specialist childcare opportunities that were for sale and in many cases, offers over and above asking price were agreed. We have seen that this high degree of demand has continued into 2017, and we expect to see further activity across the specialist sector as experienced providers look to expand and develop.
If you're a buyer or investor keen to learn more about the sector, changing and emerging trends, comparable deal evidence, USPs and the impact of potential policy introductions on business operations, or if you are contemplating the possible sale of your childcare business, please contact our specialist Childcare team.